There are many useful tools to make the diagnostic process efficient. I use different tools depending on the case, to be able to understand the different point of views of the caregivers and the child and also strengthen the relationship with them. For example, Family Board, Family in Animals, games and specific tools like mentioned below are important tools during the first sessions.
Broad and specific questionnaires allow collecting data quite quickly and anonymously while all participants can be given the opportunity to provide feedback.
Using a computer-based administration and evaluation program the scores will be compared with the same age/gender children, to have a better understanding of the severity of the symptoms.
If achievement and/or IQ test is/are required, you will be informed to decide whether you want it or not. Children and youngsters are feeling more confident doing those tests after a few settings, where the focus would be on building up a relationship with conversations and playing short games afterwards.
Questionnaires / Inventories
1) Child Behaviour Checklist Scores for School-Aged Children
The Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) contains a self, parent and teacher report form to screen for emotional, behavioural, and social problems. The CBCL’s questions are associated with problems on a syndrome scale in eight different categories: anxious/depressed, withdrawn/depressed, somatic complaints, social problems, thought problems, attention problems, rule-breaking behaviour, and aggressive behaviour. The Child Behaviour Checklist is among the most widely used parent-report measures of youth emotional and behavioural problems in both clinical and research settings.
The observations of the parents or primary caregiver and the teacher will be treated and interpreted using the Scale so that problematic behaviours can be defined empirically.
This assessment can also help identify comorbid conditions. For example, the version of this test that is suited to individuals within the age range of 6 and 18 can measure behaviours that demonstrate hyperactivity, bullying, aggression, defiance, violence, anxieties, depressions etc.
This assessment is an important part of a thorough psychological examination to come to a conclusion of diagnosis so that a bespoke treatment planning can be delivered.
The Conners 3rd Edition™ (Conners 3®) is a thorough assessment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and its most common comorbid problems and disorders in children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years. It is a multi-informant assessment that takes into account home, social, and school settings, with rating forms for parents, teachers, and youth. School psychologists, clinicians, psychiatrists, pediatricians, child protection agencies, and mental health workers can count on the Conners 3 to be a reliable and dependable tool capable of supporting them in the diagnostic and identification process.
- Inform your ADHD diagnosis with results that have direct connections to DSM-5 symptom criteria and IDEIA legislation
- Develop informed intervention and treatment strategies by identifying specific challenge areas to work on
- Monitor response to intervention and its effectiveness with detailed progress reports
- Assess common comorbid disorders (Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder) to assist with differential diagnosis
- Discover how ADHD symptoms are affecting the youth by looking at impairment items which indicate functioning in home, school and social settings
- Gain a multi-rater perspective of the youth’s difficulties with a Parent, Teacher, and Self-report versio
The Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children Second Edition™ (MASC 2™) is a comprehensive multi-rater assessment (Self and Parent form) of anxiety dimensions in children and adolescents aged 8 to 19 years. It distinguishes between important anxiety symptoms and dimensions that broadband measures do not capture. By indexing the range and severity of anxiety symptoms, the MASC 2 aids in early identification, diagnosis, treatment planning, and monitoring for anxiety-prone youth.
- Develop an easy to follow treatment plan
- Complete a comprehensive evaluation with the introduction of a parent form, providing an in-depth perspective from multiple raters
- Gain valuable insight with a new model that includes an Anxiety Probability Score, GAD Index, and OCD Scale
- Uncover details about a child’s emotional, physical, cognitive, and behavioral symptoms of anxiety
- Generate detailed reports that describe a youth’s anxiety symptoms in detail
4) Emotional Quotient Inventory
The EQ-i:YV™ measures the level of emotional and social functioning in children and adolescents. It is used by psychologists, school counselors, social workers, and mental health professionals to identify an individual’s emotional intelligence strengths and weaknesses in order to help that individual develop the skills needed for social, personal, and academic success.
- As a strength-based assessment, the EQ-i:YV highlights areas of positive functioning as well as areas for development
- Results provide professionals with information needed to assist students in coping with demands at school that could lead to underachievement or the development of emotional and behavioral problems
Key Areas Measured
- General Mood
- Stress Management
- Positive Impression
5) Social Communication Questionnaire
This instrument helps evaluate communication skills and social functioning in children who may have autism or autism spectrum disorders. Completed by a parent or other primary caregiver the SCQ is a cost-effective way to determine whether an individual should be referred for a complete diagnostic evaluation.
The questionnaire is available in two forms – Lifetime and Current – each composed of just 40 yes-or-no questions. Both forms can be given directly to the parent, who can answer the questions without supervision.
The Lifetime Form focuses on the child’s entire developmental history, providing a Total Score that’s interpreted in relation to specific cutoff points. This score identifies individuals who may have autism and should be referred for a more complete evaluation.
Moving from developmental history to present status, the Current Form looks at the child’s behaviour over the most recent 3-month period. It produces results that can be helpful in treatment planning, educational intervention, and measurement of change over time.
6) Beck Youth Inventories™ – Second Edition For Children and Adolescents (BYI-II)
Beck Youth Inventories™ -Second Edition (BYI-II) for Children and Adolescents are designed for children and adolescents aged 7 to 18 years. Five self-report inventories can be used separately or in combination to assess symptoms of depression, anxiety, anger, disruptive behaviour and self-concept.
Each inventory contains 20 statements about thoughts, feelings and behaviours associated with emotional and social impairment in youth. Children and adolescents describe how frequently the statement has been true for them.
The instruments measure emotional and social impairment in five specific areas:
- Beck Depression Inventory for Youth:
In line with the depression criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders— Fourth Edition (DSM– IV), this inventory allows for early identification of symptoms of depression. It includes items related to a child’s or adolescent’s negative thoughts about self, life and the future, feelings of sadness and guilt and sleep disturbance.
- Beck Anxiety Inventory for Youth:
Reflects children’s and adolescents’ specific worries about school performance, the future, negative reactions of others, fears including loss of control, and physiological symptoms associated with anxiety.
- Beck Anger Inventory for Youth:
Evaluates a child’s or adolescent’s thoughts of being treated unfairly by others, feelings of anger and hatred.
- Beck Disruptive Behaviour Inventory for Youth:
Identifies thoughts and behaviours associated with conduct disorder and oppositional-defiant behaviour.
- Beck Self-Concept Inventory for Youth:
Taps cognitions of competence, potency, and positive self-worth.
1) Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children
The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC V UK), developed by David Wechsler, is an individually administered intelligence test for children between the ages of 6 and 16. The Fifth Edition (WISC-V; Wechsler, 2014) is the most current version. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth UK Edition (WAIS-IV UK) provides you with the most advanced measure of cognitive ability in adults. Includes updated normative data for ages 16-90 years.
The assessment (WISC V) generates a Full-Scale IQ (formerly known as an intelligence quotient or IQ score) that represents the clients’ general intellectual ability. It also provides five primary index scores:
- Verbal Comprehension Index (VCI)
- Visual-Spatial Index (VSI)
- Working Memory Index (WMI)
- Fluid Reasoning Index (FRI)
- Processing Speed Index (PSI)
2) Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement (Grades 3-12+), Third Edition (KTEA-3)
The Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement, Third Edition (KTEA–3) enables to quickly and easily identify strengths and weaknesses, and follow-up with the right interventions. With a deeper understanding of achievement gaps, parents and teachers can help their child/student to achieve their potential.
An individually administered measure of academic achievement, this comprehensive assessment evaluates key reading, maths, written language, and oral language skills. It also covers a wide range of achievement and language domains. This tool can be used to help:
- Evaluate academic skills in reading, math, written language and oral language
- Measure progress or response to intervention and adjust instruction based on performance
- Identify learning disabilities on a core level.
See below a link with some examples of questionnaires, which are described above: To the PDF File